Food habits have been one of the biggest changes owing to concerns over human health. We forgot our indigenous foods and were chasing standardisation. In this regard, millets were once considered too primitive to be used, forgetting our own roots. But today a lot of efforts are being put to increase the demand of millets in India and the world, including changing the mind-set of the people.
More than half of the world's population relies primarily on rice (Oryza sativa L.) as a food source. Majorly rice crop was affected by biotic factors such as weeds, insects, diseases, and nematodes which contribute to lower productivity. Among these biotic factors, rice root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola infestation causes up to 72% yield loss in rice crop production. The rice root-knot nematode adapted well to flooding conditions and causing risk to all rice ecosystem. Recently, it is found in Italy and added to the EPPO (European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization) Alert List.